Hinges can make a great difference in the appearance of your kitchen as well as its functionality. Sometimes just by changing the hinges and the pulls on your cabinets you might achieve an updated look. There are certain terms that allow you to define the types of hinges but the main difference is in how the hinge is attached to the door, whether or not it is hidden or exposed, how the door opens etc.
In the professional jargon the hinges are as follows:
- A full mortised hinge (traditional hinge) is designed to have either one or both plates mortised in the door. A hole is cut in the door and the part of the hinge is installed inside that hole. The doors with this type of hinge usually have very smooth appearance.
- Non-mortise or no mortise hinge requires no cutting of butt mortises for installation therefore it is much easier to install and could be less expensive. Along with the regular hinges there are Non-Mortise 270° Full Wrap and 180° Partial Wrap Overlay Hinges that allow the door to open and lay flush against the side of the cabinet. Double Action Hinges allow the panels to swing in either direction. Decorative Non-Mortise Hinge with Minaret Tip in a variety of finishes. 90° self closing, surface mounted, concealed hinge for overlay or inset applications.
- European Style Hinge – hidden or concealed, the hinge is hidden when the door is closed. This type of hinges is becoming more and more popular. They allow you to adjust the doors easily, to remove the door without taking the hinge apart in case of a cabinet maintenance. concealed hinges can be used with both, frameless and face frame cabinets.
- Strap Hinges.
This kitchen by Karin Blake, as featured in Architectural Digest,
Strap Hinges add style and character to this gorgeous kitchen by Morgan Creek Cabinetry.
- Gas spring such as Lift-O-Mat® Gas Spring Lid Support. Perfect for doors that are open vertically. An example of such door would be a hard to reach cabinet above the exaust fan.
Lift-O-Mat® Gas Spring Lid Support
Image curtesy of Rockler.com
How many hinges should you install per door? It depends on the hight and the weight of the door. The door under 40″ requires 2 hinges, Plan an additional hinge for every additional 20″.